Broadly speaking, peace education in formal schools should ideally aim to produce caring, responsible, compassionate, critical, and civically engaged citizens who can advance a culture of peace. The aspiration of students should go high in moral and human values. In the culture of peace education, they will maintain a friendship with a healthy atmosphere in a peaceful and healthy community. A culture of peace will equip students with the ability to understand and resolve conflicts without resorting to violence and enable them to become responsible citizens, open to differences and aspiring to overcome exclusive ideologies and challenge social structures. that perpetuate a culture of violence, including repression. pedagogical structure.
The school system, as exemplified in Kashmir, is widely criticized as a site of violence – including direct, cultural and structural violence. Formal schools should not only emphasize knowledge and skills, but also shape social and cultural values, norms, attitudes and assumptions. Schools need to build positive relationships and create a safe learning environment where children thrive.
Formal peace education will focus on anger management, emotional awareness, empathy, assertiveness and self-esteem. School is a sacred space where a child obtains the impact, attraction, affection and influence of teachers and colleagues. The main objective is to make a child useful to the building of the nation in whatever way he can be. All the aims of education lead to providing knowledge of good and evil. Schools are therefore expected to produce scientists, doctors, engineers and other social builders and not terrorists, destroyers and hate mongers.
Schools can build healthy relationships and an overall peaceful school culture. There are many methods and ways to create and maintain a culture of peace. A renowned fisheries researcher, Professor Toh, developed a holistic framework and presented it to dismantle the culture of war; educate to live with justice and compassion; educate to promote human rights and responsibilities; educate to build cultural respect, reconciliation and solidarity; educating to live in harmony with the earth and educating to cultivate inner peace will provide students with guidance to be ethnically updated.
Practically, the culture of peace or the culture of violence depends on the teacher, because the teacher is the architect of a nation. According to Dr. S. Radhakrishnan, “The quality of a nation depends on the quality of its citizens, the quality of its citizens depends on the quality of their education, and the quality of their education depends on the quality of teachers”. The success of a teacher depends on the effectiveness of the teaching and learning process.